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Anne Applebaum ✓ 8 FREE READ

E was like in the camps and links them to the larger history of the Soviet Union Immediately recognized as a landmark and long overdue work of scholarship Gulag is an essential book for anyone who wishes to understand the history of the twentieth centur A 5 star read without a doubt This book impacted me on so many levels I was absorbed and utterly Conceptos De Relatividad Y Teoria Cuantica of the Soviet Union Immediately recognized as a landmark and long Vanished Kingdoms overdue work My Brothers Love of scholarship Gulag is an essential book for anyone who wishes to understand the history La casa que arde de noche of the twentieth centur A 5 star read without a doubt This book impacted me Black woman black life on so many levels I was absorbed and utterly

FREE READ Gulag a history

Gulag a history

The Gulag a vast array of Soviet concentration camps that held millions of political and criminal prisoners was a system of repression and punishment that terrorized the entire society embodying the worst tendencies of Soviet communism In this magisteri I read history books because of my undying belief that as a human being I am responsible for any My Brothers Love of Soviet concentration camps that held millions La casa que arde de noche of political and criminal prisoners was a system Black woman black life of repression and punishment that terrorized the entire society embodying the worst tendencies Los ritos del agua: Trilogía de La Ciudad Blanca 2 (Autores Españoles e Iberoamericanos) of Soviet communism In this magisteri I read history books because Heads, Features and Faces (Dover Anatomy for Artists) of my undying belief that as a human being I am responsible for any

CHARACTERS ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ✓ Anne Applebaum

Al and acclaimed history Anne Applebaum offers the first fully documented portrait of the Gulag from its origins in the Russian Revolution through its expansion under Stalin to its collapse in the era of glasnost Applebaum intimately re creates what lif Read 60% of this then my interest precipitously flagged Found it redundant because I’d read mo


10 thoughts on “Gulag a history

  1. says:

    I read history books because of my undying belief that as a human being I am responsible for anything that humans do If murder happens it is because I have it in me as well If kindness happens it is because I am capable of kindness This belief does not put me or humanity at the center of anything I think anthropocentrism is one of the worst ways of explaining our existence but rather connects me to every other human being that has ever lived or will ever live I believe in patterns and totalitarian patterns have a particular tendency to devolve into heinous soul crushing lethal regimes run by maniacs who indulge in their darkest sides Applebaum seems to think along the same lines This book is written with such delicacy towards the victims and innocents but it also lays down facts with the weight of iron with regards to what actually happened Myths are debunked correctness is preserved truth above all is searched for because in knowing the truth about things such as the Gulag we are better prepared to deal with ourselves in the future Applebaum believes the Gulags will exist again albeit in any future form they might morph into she believes massacres genocides totalitarianism mass murder happen and will continue to happen for as long as we are human and I agree That is why we must read history that is why we must expose ourselves to the most uncomfortable facts about ourselves because we will meet with this again And the best weapon against anything human made is knowledge of everything human made


  2. says:

    I have been reading some memoirs about the Soviet Gulags and I discovered that I didn't have enough knowledge of Russian history to process what I was reading about individual experiences Conseuently I picked up Applebaum's book Her book was precisely what I needed She presents a very systematic explanation of the gulags in three sections 1 the historical precedents prior to Stalin's regime and the rise of their power under Stalin; 2 Day to day life in the gulags; and 3 the dismantling of the Gulag's after Stalin's death and their diminishing presence through several other Soviet leaders and into 21st century Russia politics and judicial penal system At times the amount of detail was close to overwhelming but Applebaum places all the facts into strong frameworks without losing the debates and ambiguity present in the field because of incomplete and missing information She blends data history politics personal history and even a few exerpts from literary works to create her history I expected to see cruelty depicted but what shocked me the most was the arbitrary manner in which arrests labor torture and even releases were conducted It would be maddening to live under a regime that weilded so much power in ways that were incomprehensible to its people Anyone could be arrested and placed in labor death camps criminals dissidents and even members of the Communist party Were the gulags so heavily populated because Stalin wanted cheap labor as a way to industrialize the Soviet Union? They never were cost effective Was he trying to brow beat people into submission? They created strife between people and government Was he trying to reform criminals and political dissidents? Few if none of the gulag prisoners became better people because of their time in the camps if they lived through it The accounts made me wonder how human beings could descend into such irrational mistreatment of one another and made me wonder if such nonesense still persists in other countries even in small ways even in our own Before this summer I could fit everything I knew about the gulags on a postage stamp Applebaum gave me a wealth of knowledge and much to ponder I'm glad that I found this book even if her book was the antithesis of a summer read


  3. says:

    Page 102 my book from Stalin and Beria “an enemy of the people is not only one who commits sabotage but one who doubts the rightness of the Party line” women were arrested as “wives of enemies of the people” and the same applied to childrenPage 241 Vladimir Bukovsky “In our camps you were expected not only to be a slave laborer but to sing and smile while you worked as well They didn’t just want to oppress us; they wanted us to thank them for it”This is a book that is horrific in scope as it details the history of the Gulag in the Soviet Union from its beginnings under LeninThe author who writes with great elouence takes us through the various stages of what occurred The Gulag itself was a vast slave labour system that had two basic purposes to incarcerate anyone who was perceived as a threat to the system and to use the slave labourers the prisoners to industrialize and modernize the Soviet Union – to build roads and railroads work in mines chop down trees for lumber – in other words to exploit the almost endless resources of the countryMs Applebaum takes us through the entire seuence of events the arrest interrogation imprisonment transport to a camp and the camp itself Millions passed through this system some than onceWhen examined individually these steps could be compared to imprisonment in other countries – for instance the food is atrocious But it is the vast scale of the Gulag that sets it apart not only in terms of human dignity but as a crime against there own citizens One aspect that is beyond the compare is the transport to the labour camps Many would die during this long journey to the outer reaches of the Soviet Union where they could be locked in cattle cars or the bottom of ships and given little food and clothing Many of the prisons were in the far north where the prisoners were forced to work long hours in the cold with inadeuate clothing and small rations even in the summer they were decimated by hordes of mosuitoes Of interest is that the camps were controlled by the Russian mob which has a long history as they started in the days of the Czar These real criminals held brutal sway over the political prisoners The number and types of prisoners were vast – “political” prisoners exiles as in a national group relocated for ethnic cleansing consisting over the years of Poles Lithuanians Chechens religious people kulaks One is never uite sure of the distinction between an exile and prisoners – in remote locations neither due to geography had freedom of movement Maybe prisoners had an advantage because they were fed usually with a bowl of watery soupPage 421 in 1939 With no warning the NKVD had plucked these newcomers – Poles Ukrainians Belorussians and Moldavians – out of their bourgeois or peasant worlds after the Soviet invasion of multiethnic eastern Poland Bessarabia and the Baltic States and dumped them in large numbers into the Gulag and exile villagesWhat is most sad and atrocious is the treatment of the children which I dare say was even worse than the way women were treated They were at the bottom of the ladder in a “society” where work was rewarded with food Page 333 Decades of propaganda of posters draped across orphanage walls thanking Stalin “for our happy childhood” failed to convince the Soviet people that the children of the camps the children of the streets and the children of the orphanages had ever become anything but full fledged members of the Soviet Union’s large and all embracing criminal classMs Appleton humanizes all with emotional uotes from several people including Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and Varlam Shalamov The author discusses how the Gulag changed after Stalin For instance during the Brezhnev era Joseph Brodsky a poet was arrested and imprisoned on charges of “parasitism”This book furthered my understanding of the Soviet Union and its’ successor Russia This is not a book of numbers It is intense and extremely well written We are provided not just with a history of the Gulag but of the entire country Highly recommended for any who are interested in this important historical era As the author mentions it gives us another view of the Cold War – and why there was a Cold WarPage 515 Olga Adamo Sliozberg arrested in 1936 – released in 1956 “There was no one home and finally I was able to weep freelyTo weep for my husband who perished in the cellars of the Lubyanka when he was thirty seven years old at the height of his powers and talent; for my children who grew up orphans stigmatized as the children of enemies of the people; for my parents who died of grief; for Nikolai who was tortured in the camps; and for all of my friends who never lived to be rehabilitated but lie beneath the frozen earth of Kolyma”


  4. says:

    A third to a fourth remains when I write this I have 8 hours left of 27 hours and 45 minutes I am chugging along but I'll tell you Gulag A History is an exceptionally hard read The topic is dark and I am usually fine with difficult subjects but this proves to be harder than I thought The book is VERY thorough Chapter after chapter covering every possible aspect of the Gulag camps I have read a lot previously on the topic References are made to much of what I have read beforeand yet still there is The material presented is well organized The author analyzes the evidence; she doesn't simply accept what is being said but compares information with other sources Yet there is so much information you get drowned by the details and what is discussed is so very horrible Here is one example of the meticulous analytical manner in which facts are studied The food eaten in the camps is discussed so of course food portions in grams must be listed too for each and every prisoner type On top of that the water content which skews the nutrient content for the given weight is documented See what I mean by thorough? Phew Thoroughness on top of being a very difficult subject makes this a hard read It is a clinically accurate and an encyclopedic tome Tons of references to particular individual experiences This I likeOn completion I want to re emphasize what I noted above The book is well organized well researched thorough meticulously documented and encyclopedic in content Multiple references to particular individuals' experiences are sited Statements are not taken at face value; instead each is evaluated to discover the real truth How is the book organized? There are three sections The first covers how the camps came into being and developed with time The central section covers life in the camps divided into chapters focusing on different themes ie different aspects of the camps Here are some examples of the themes arrest interrogations incarceration in prisons transport to the camps intermediary transit camps Once in the camps the following themes are eually meticulously documented freedom of movement classification of the incarcerated bathing dining food sleeping facilities work propaganda punishment and reward communication with the outside world spiritual issues criminals versus political prisoners women and children and births and nurseries and sex and rape and prostitution and love and homosexuality I simply cannot list everything What is essential to understand is that every aspect is meticulously documented There are statistics and uotes from the incarcerated The third section is about the dismantlement of the camps and the situation at the end of the 20th century Finally there is an epilogue that focuses on why the author felt the book needed to be written The first and the third section are in chronological order Numerous references are made to authors such as Aleksandr Solzjenitsyn Yevgenia Ginzburg Osip Mandelstam Andrej Sacharov and others I found the war years and the treatment of Poles Crimean Tartars Ukrainians Chechens and other Caucasians seen from the perspective of current events particularly interesting Also Putin’s background The book's organization and clear writing makes it easy to follow BUTyou can feel at points that you are drowning in all the information It is like reading an encyclopedia section of over 600 pages If I were writing a research paper this would be a fantastic resource It is itself a bit like a research paper I would have appreciated a bit editing Even if it is easy to understand it doesn't read as a book for the general public in that it is so comprehensive I do think there was a real need for such a book How you rate a book depends on what you personally are looking for My three star rating is by no means a judgment of the book’s uality; my rating only shows my personal appreciation of the book I liked it and would definitely recommend it to others along with a word of warning that it is at times tedious and often relates horrible eventsThe narration of the audiobook by Laural Merlington was absolutely excellent I cannot judge her Russian pronunciation I liked the speed at which it was narrated and the ease at understanding each word Clearly narrated This is essential in a book of non fiction I am giving the narration five stars


  5. says:

    Jesus Christ With the possible exception of a few books on the Holocaust this is the single most painful work of non fiction I've ever encountered The portrait of the Soviet work camp system that Applebaum develops examines in painfully minute detail every single aspect of life in and around the Gulag system from the highest levels of Soviet politburo administration down to the lowliest starving walking damned in the most far flung Siberian penal cell And she brings a staggering deluge of historical records and personal testimonies from people involved at all levels of the Gulag system to bare witness and de mystify what was for decades an almost completely hidden worldAnd what a nightmare of a world it all was all the so because the criminal unfairness of the whole enterprise was never mandated never reuired never written into laws or decrees in any way they just didn't care at all what really happened to all of these people they arrested for nothing and charged with nothing and shunted around the Russian wastes and sent to dig limestone out the arctic with their bare hands with no shelter or warm clothingIn some ways and I doubt Applebaum intended this this is a work of supreme political nihilism It doesn't merely call into uestion the practical ramifications of the ideology of the soviet unionsocialism it calls into uestion the entire concept of sane humane governance in the modern age period As long as something this crushingly atrocious is able to sustain itself for decades on end how can we possibly have faith in anything that any national entity ever does?


  6. says:

    Read 60% of this then my interest precipitously flagged Found it redundant because I’d read most of Gulag Archipelago by Solzhenitsyn If you’ve read Solzhenitsyn no need to read Anne Applebaum


  7. says:

    This is a fantastic book It is a must read for anyone who has any illusions about communism It sucks It is evil It belongs in the dustbin of historyAnne Applebaum tells the story of the gulag in fascinating detail using newly available Soviet archives and published and unpublished memoirs from those who survived the camps Their stories are chilling to say the leastIn the Introduction Applebaum discusses the differences and similarities between the Nazi death camps and the Soviet camps She also explains why so many on the Left were willing to excuse Soviet communism and particularly Stalin for its crimesShe then delves into a general history of the camps explaining that they were at heart an economic enterprise The first official camp Solovetsky spread out over a group of islands in the White Sea was meant to be profitable Later Stalin insisted that the entire gulag must turn a profit which it never did But no one had had the guts to tell Stalin thatBut I'm getting ahead of myself Applebaum shows how many prisoners were used for grand construction projects like canals and railroads with the predictably disappointing results and thousands of lives lost suffice to say that OSHA would not be pleased with the working conditionsShe writes how the camp system expanded throughout the 1930s until it obtained its permanent form By 1940 hundreds of camps imprisoned millions of people many of them criminals many of them politicals those whose only crime was some sort of dissent against Stalin and the Soviet Union Many of these politicals were innocent of courseIn Part Two in my opinion the heart and most compelling section of the book Applebaum delves into the minutiae of the camps chronicling prisoners' experiences through the arrest transport and imprisonment in the camps This is where you get the sense of the monstrosity of the system and the government that ran it Space doesn't permit me to go into all the details Suffice to say that as a horror writer there's enough material to write dozens of short stories and novels with no need for any supernatural element to make them scaryIn the third section she switches back to general history and covers the rest of the 20th century from the death of Stalin to the death of the Soviet Union The gulag survived Stalin's death but it did shrink as Soviet leaders were then free to address the unprofitably of the system Many camps were closed and many prisoners were released though many of those were later re arrestedBut the suppression continued Innocents were still jailed for speaking out for freedom and still forced to endure hard labor in horrific conditionsThis is the story of oppression on a massive scale But it's also a collection of gritty and inspiring stories of survival by those lucky enough to live through the experience Unfortunately millions did not


  8. says:

    A 5 star read without a doubt This book impacted me on so many levels I was absorbed and utterly fascinated with every word I read My family is from Russia I am a first gen American and many of the events and situations which occurred in this book related to my family history It's impact was tremendous as I learned so much of what had happened and what it must have been like for my family living and eventually escaping during Stalin's reign As a young girl I heard stories of my grandfather having been in a labor camp but until I read this I never knew what that really meant My family knew a dissident who vacationed in the same resort we did every year until I read this I truly did not understand what that meant either Of course we all can intellectually know what that means but Applebaum brings it to light on so many levels I feel like I had the best Russian history lesson yet was emotionally engaged the whole time What better way to learn about history? Anne Applebaum is truly a talented writer It is evident how well researched this book is and she is able to present it in such a wonderfully engaging and readable format Speaking for myself other than knowing that labor camps existed I had NO idea to the extent and to the length of time they existed I am sure I am not alone in this and this book brings so much to our understanding of the world I feel it is a very important contribution to history and a wonderful memorial to those who experienced these miserable situations I feel it also brings an understanding of the Russian people both past and presentI highly recommend this book


  9. says:

    I highly recommend this book to anyone interested in the era country politics WWII or even just the Gulag itself The vastness of the Gulag is astounding From small camps to giant and from city prisons to tents in Siberia and all sizes in between The variety of work that was reuired was also uite extensive from manufacturing to logging to mining to channel building With the uality of life that prisoners had to endure and how unprepared both they and their captures were I am surprised that so many people survived to tell their talesI had no issues with the history it was extremely well researched but the layout of the book held a few issues for me Part 1 was a great introduction but I found Part 2 was a bit confusing as it switched from years and camps with such rapidity I couldn't always remember what had happened in that year or that camp as it switched from subject to subject But I loved the epilogue and the summation was very thought provoking The story was depressing and shocking and disturbing At the same time it was fascinating enthralling and makes me want to know even about the legacy of Lenin Stalin and the Communist Party


  10. says:

    Among the best accounts of Stalin's system of concentration and labor camps that I know of She describes not only the organization operations of the camps as well as life within them but she also explains the role of slave labor in the development of the Soviet economy and in war production Very well written and entirely engaging despite the horror in the tale Clearly deserving of the Pulitzer Prize that she was awarded if I recall correctly


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