The research agenda in science and technology and he identifies alternative pathways by which social movements can influence scientific and technological innovation He analyzes four of Pathways Industrial Opposition pathways industrial opposition organized against targeted technologies as in the campaign against energy; technology and product oriented which press for alternatives as does the organic food movement; ocalism which promotes ocal ownership in buy ocal campaigns; and access pathways which support a euitable distribution of resources Within each.
five different areas agriculture energy waste and manufacturing and finance Thedifferent areas agriculture energy and manufacturing infrastructure and finance The theoretical argument and empirical evidence demonstrate the complex pattern of incorporation of grassroots innovations and transformation of alternative ownership structures and the alternative products themselves that has characterized the relationship of industry and activism Hess's analysis of alternative pathways to change suggests ways economic organizations
Could Shift To Ashift to a and sustainable course in the twenty first centu.
Free read ô PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ò David J. HessInAlternative Pathways in Science and Industry David Hess examines how social movements and other forms of activism affect innovation in science technology and industry Synthesizing and extending work in social studies of science and technology social movements and Hess
explores the interaction of grassroots environmental action and mainstream industry and offers a conceptual framework for it Hess proposesthe interaction of grassroots environmental action and mainstream industry *and offers a conceptual framework for understanding it Hess proposes theory of scientific and technological change that considers the *offers a conceptual framework for understanding it Hess proposes theory of scientific and technological change that considers the that both industry and grassroots consumers play in setting. ,